“Because she is pregnant with a girl” .. a merchant kills his wife and burns her body in a desert in Egypt

The murder of a female student at the Egyptian Mansoura University at the hands of a colleague who committed suicide with a knife provoked violent reactions within Egyptian society, especially after some observers linked the victim’s failure to wear the hijab and the crime she was subjected to.

The controversy culminated with the comment of the famous Islamic preacher, Mabrouk Attia, in a video clip, in which he said that the women’s wearing of the veil and their appearance as a “square”, as he described it, will protect them from murder.

Attia’s talk, and some commentators on social media platforms, about women wearing the hijab as a guarantee of not being subjected to harassment that amount to killing, as happened with the Mansoura University student, led to calls for the man to be tried and held accountable, considering what he said was incitement against women and girls who are not veiled and a continuation of the phenomenon of extremist religious theses. Adopted by some preachers on television or on their platforms in social media.

Dr. Saeed Al-Masry, professor of sociology at Cairo University, believes that “the clergy interfere in matters that do not concern them, whether on the social or economic level, due to their increased presence in the public sphere, which turns into a guardianship of citizens in their behavior and behavior.”

He added in an interview with Al-Hurra that “the role of the cleric is to teach people about their religion only without interfering in everything by commenting or expressing an opinion, because it seems that they understand everything and comment on everything whether they have information about it or not and in all Domains”.

He added, “There is also in Egypt a religious current and a religious culture that operates on the basis of ‘whoever is not with us is against us’, and adopts the idea that ‘when religion is found in life, we are fine, and if not, we are not fine’, an idea that has been rooted for several decades and from which came a proposal The costume of the girl who was killed by her colleague to search for a mistake in her because she was not veiled.

Al-Masry explained that “the presence of crimes in society is natural. There is no society that is free of crimes, even those that seem civilized, there are violent crimes, despite attempts to link crime rates with the rates of morality enjoyed by societies, which are completely useless attempts, because what drives people’s behavior is desires.” and human interests and needs, and thus these matters create conflicts that sometimes lead to crimes such as the one that occurred in front of Mansoura University.”

He pointed out that “there are things that can lead to social control and reduce the results of conflicts between members of society, such as norms, religion, customs and traditions, but they can never be controlled and controlled, and clerics always speak in ideals away from the facts on the ground.” By the method of preaching, which is a kind of control over the members of society by stripping them of their will.

He pointed to the lack of statistical data on crimes in Egypt, stressing that “these data help in the study in a way that gives specialists the ability to analyze and understand the factors related to the phenomena of violence and the commission of crimes and the consequences thereof to work on reducing and besieging them in a scientific manner instead of the talk of the elders and their interference in everything.” “.

The National Council for Women in Egypt announced that it had submitted a complaint to the Public Prosecutor against Sheikh Attia because of what he said, and demanded that criminal measures be taken against him.

The head of the council, Maya Morsi, expressed her denunciation of Attia’s talk about women’s dress, noting that it “does not come from a cleric.”

Groups of women and human rights stakeholders also called on the Public Prosecutor to intervene to stop the incitement against women and girls as victims of that battle, and because the instigator is a partner in the crime, and they submitted a complaint to the Public Prosecutor demanding a unified law of violence that protects women in Egypt and does not protect the perpetrators.

In a statement, accompanied by a signature campaign, joined by dozens of women and men, they said: “As for the opinion of the clergy, the role of Abdullah Rushdi in normalizing the discourse of incitement to violence against women through his writings on the social media cannot be overlooked, and after that, Mabrouk Attia commented ‘If Your life is precious to you. Get out of your house like a napkin.” And this sentence that allows the killing of women and justifies the offender who did it, they were not satisfied with what happened to the girl and what happens every day to every girl inside or outside the house, but they come to us with those phrases that incite violence.

For its part, the Public Prosecution announced the referral of the accused of killing a Mansoura University student to a criminal trial on charges of premeditated murder, after its investigations led to evidence indicating that the accused committed his crime after complete planning to slaughter the victim. The maximum penalty in the Egyptian Penal Code.

Dr. Osama Obeid, a professor of law at Cairo University, told Al-Hurra that “what is being raised about the relationship of the victim’s dress to the crime she was subjected to has absolutely nothing to do with the law and cannot have an impact on facts like it.”

He added that “the law does not consider the issue of women’s dress at all, and that this case, for example, has been attributed to the accused in which the accusation of premeditated murder is an accusation that indicates the availability of aggravating circumstances for the punishment, which reaches the maximum penalty, which is the death by hanging.”

Because of the controversy that spread through social media about what happened in Mansoura, the Al-Azhar International Center for Fatwa issued a statement in which it said: “Man is God’s building and man’s life belongs to his Creator, and the assault on his right to life is a heinous crime from the greatest of sins, whether the assault of a person is against his brother.” A person, or a person against himself by committing suicide, and killing a soul that God has forbidden, is one of the most heinous crimes, for which Islam has severely punished.”

Al-Azhar added that “imposing the most severe penalties on criminals who transgress the boundaries of religion and humanity with their heinous crimes, and people’s vision of their fate and their end, deters them from committing similar crimes, and spreads security and the rule of law justice in society, and undermining the morals of the veiled or not, is something that is forbidden by religion, and rejected by the owners of the sensible and taking it as a pretext to attack her is a major and reprehensible crime.”

The storms of violent controversy caused by Sheikh Attia’s speech prompted him to announce a “leave” from appearing in the media, from which he might return first. He made it clear in a video clip on his Facebook page that he did not address whether or not the victim in the Mansoura accident was veiled, but rather came in general away from the accident.

Lawyer Nihad Abu al-Qumsan, head of the Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights, told Al-Hurra that “what some sheikhs do has nothing to do with religion, but rather they are trying to attract followers because of the social media’s obsession by issuing strange and abnormal opinions.”

She explained that “these sheikhs, in order to achieve high follow-up, commit crimes punishable by law, and unlike incitement against women and girls, Sheikh Mabrouk Attia committed the crime of contempt for the Islamic religion because of his description of the hijab with a bow during his speech.”