Who will he negotiate with? .. The meaning and timing of Sisi’s surprise invitation

In a rare interview with the media, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi announced, on Friday, the need to launch a comprehensive political dialogue that the country needs, which raised questions about the timing and reasons, and whether everyone would be represented in it, especially since it came after years of demanding it.

In an interview with Al-Hurra, Muhammad Anwar Al-Sadat, a former parliamentarian and member of the National Council for Human Rights, a governmental organization, says that this has been a demand for all for a long time, and everyone is talking about the need for dialogue and participation of all representatives of the people, whether parties, unions and unions.

Amr Magdy, a researcher specializing in Egypt affairs at Human Rights Watch, considers in a tweet that “people’s voices have been calling for real dialogue for nearly ten years, and the response has always come in the form of more arrests, grave human rights violations, closing platforms, silencing of mouths and cutting livelihoods.” “The ball is in the president’s court to prove seriousness and good intentions, and he did nothing to prove that.”

On Sunday, a number of political activists who were being held in pretrial detention were released, some of whom had exceeded the legal period of two years.

While some hoped that this would be the beginning of a political breakthrough in Egypt, the researcher and activist residing abroad considered the obsolescence of Al-Khatib, in an interview with Al-Hurra website, that “all these steps taken by the Egyptian regime are propaganda and unreal things to consume time, not realizing that it is proceeding.” On a closed or wrong path,” adding that “the regime is manipulating the release of phrases such as dialogue or the release of detainees, to give a kind of suggestion that there is a change coming on the road.”

He explained that when the statements made by some media channels are examined that there is a “presidential pardon” for 41 people who were told about them, we do not find that there is a presidential pardon, but rather they were released and they are basically pending cases.

why now?

Contrary to the custom, a list of the names of those released was not published, “and only the identities of 11 of them were known, because the release took place in heedless (suddenly) and even without the knowledge of close people working on this file,” according to the official at the Freedom of Thought Foundation. And expression, Mohamed Abdel Salam, for Al-Hurra website.

Abdel Salam explained that the reason for releasing these activists is the current pressure on the regime due to the killing of economic researcher Ayman Hadhoud, and the spread of photos of his body bearing “traces of torture,” according to the activists, in contrast to the Public Prosecution’s statement, which denies the suspicion of criminal death.

A broken skull and deformities on the face and back.. Ayman Hadhoud’s brother compares him to the Regeni case

Contrary to the statement of the Egyptian Public Prosecution, on Monday, which confirmed that the body of economic researcher, Ayman Hadhoud, who was declared dead two months after his disappearance, was empty, and that there was no criminal suspicion and that he was free of any injuries, his brother Omar said, on Tuesday, that he saw a broken skull and deformities in his face and dissections. in his back.

Al-Khatib believes that the steps taken by the Egyptian regime, such as calling for “political dialogue” and releasing some detainees, are due to several reasons, the most important of which are the difficult economic conditions that Egypt is going through. Studies say that Egypt is on the verge of a huge economic crisis and bankruptcy, in addition to the political conditions in the world. He added, “Al-Sisi is doing this to avoid and ease the tension.”

dire economic crisis

Many linked the call for “political dialogue” to an economic crisis in Egypt, which Sisi said is greater than any president or government, while expectations remain bleak for the coming period, given successive global developments, the latest of which is the war in Ukraine and the closure of several regions in China, due to the Corona pandemic.

Journalist, Jamal Sultan, says on Twitter: “Talking about launching a political dialogue is a smoke bomb, nothing more. There is a very serious economic collapse, and the country is on the verge of a disaster, and the earth is lying under the feet of the regime, with obvious helplessness and failure, so it is trying to gain time and numb the pain.” With illusions, in short, regimes of a military nature are not amenable to reform or dialogue by the nature of their composition.

But Sadat refuses to link the call for “political dialogue” to the economic crisis only, “maybe it is among the reasons for everyone to bear his responsibilities, but not everything we link to is that the regime is under the pressure of a severe economic crisis.”

Sadat justified the timing of making such an invitation: “Perhaps there was a wait for the situation to stabilize, and when there was an opportunity for such a meeting to take place, the president and the regime began to think seriously about this matter.”

parties to the conversation

Regardless of the reasons and timing, El-Sadat says: “The most important thing for me is that this dialogue becomes a reality and that no party is excluded from it, and that what emerges from it be implemented.”

He explained that “the most important thing than the invitation to dialogue, is to know its parties, and whether all political forces will be invited in their various directions, what is the agenda of the dialogue, and how to follow up on the implementation of what will result from it, so that it becomes a successful and beneficial dialogue.”

Regarding the answers to those questions, he said: “All of this is vague. I think that all this will be clarified within the next two days.”

For his part, Al-Khatib says: “As long as Sisi says he wants to have a political dialogue, the questions become what groups the regime wants to dialogue with. There is no opposition in Parliament, no political parties, and no political activities in Egypt. Al-Sisi dismantled all the basic structures that exist The political game is on it, so who will he negotiate with? .. He brought a group of media professionals affiliated with him on the grounds that this is the dialogue, and therefore the regime is arguing with itself, and does not want there to be real change in Egypt.”

Continuing arrests

But the call for a political dialogue came a day after the disappearance of the journalist in the radio and television magazine “Maspero”, Safaa Al-Korbiji, whose videos had spread during the last period about corruption in the Radio and Television Building (Maspero), and called on the Egyptians not to fear and sign the form of no confidence in President Abdel Fattah. Al-Sisi, before she appeared four days later in the Public Prosecution Office, according to activists.

At the same time, the “Zarfaa El Ghalaba” band was arrested in Upper Egypt, after publishing a video of a song for them about the high prices.

Magdy says on Twitter: Talking from time to time about the need for a (political dialogue) or (a strategy for human rights), while the machine of repression does not stop taking people to gallows and prisons has not and will not be more than a miserable attempt at beautification issued from time to time for reasons ranging from international pressure difficult economic conditions, or otherwise.

For his part, El-Sadat told Al-Hurra that “all this must stop, and not only these people, but the band of the poor, and they are poor (simple) people from Upper Egypt who express high prices and living conditions, all these behaviors must stop, because it is not appropriate that we We are still holding people accountable for an opinion or an idea.”

The recent Egyptian steps also come, in light of a call to protest on Eid al-Fitr, as the hashtag “Eid Revolution” remained the most popular for several days.

“Eid is a revolution” .. Egyptians rise up against the 7-minute decision

Egyptians launched the hashtag #Eid_Revolution on Twitter, to become the most widely circulated, rejecting the decisions of the Minister of Endowments to make the Eid prayer seven minutes, and after the disappearance of a journalist who was publishing videos exposing corruption on Egyptian state television.

Al-Khatib says, “The group that rules Egypt, the parties are trembling, and they have any fear of any gathering. They are afraid of any two being gathered together, and therefore they are trying to ease the tension.”